Subject Relative Clauses

Who, that, and which are subject relative pronouns which are used to join two English sentences, or to give more information about something.  A relative clause defines or gives information about the noun that it follows.

Use that to talk about people or things.
Use who and whom to talk about people, and which to talk about things.

She bought a blouse. The blouse is red.
She bought a blouse that is red.

Defining Relative Clause - tells which noun we are referring to, this information is necessary to understand the sentence.

I was working at the company that went bankrupt.
(If we don't say that went bankrupt we don't know why I don't work there anymore)

Non-defining Relative Clause - gives extra information about something, but it is not necessary to understand the sentence.

Marie, who was married to Steve, is coming to Madrid this week.
(What is important is that she is coming to Madrid this week, that she was married to Steve is extra information.)

More Information on Relative Clauses
What is a Relative Clause?

Relative Clauses Powerpoint
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Food and Eating Well Vocabulary

bad habit
(N) something that you do regularly that has a negative effect on you or others
balanced diet
(N) the food you eat everyday that is considered healthy and includes a variety of nutrients from different sources
(N) the help or advantage you get from something
cut back
(V) reduce something
(ADV) have a very pleasant taste
eat out
(V) when you go to a restaurant to consume food instead of cooking it yourself
(V) to remove something completely
(ADJ) when food has been cooked in a pan that contains hot fat or oil
(V) become greater
(ADJ) food that has a lot of juice in it and is very enjoyable to eat
(N) the living conditions, behavior, and habits that are typical of a person or group
(ADJ) a large amount of something, often more than is needed
(V) to prevent someone or something from being harmed or damaged
(ADJ) something that contains salt or tastes of salt
(ADJ) when the two things are apart and are not connected
(ADJ) food that's strongly flavored with spices
(ADJ) food or drink that contains a lot of sugar
tastes like
(V) the quality something has when you put it in your mouth, for example: is sweet or salty
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Simple Present vs. Present Continuous


Present Simple.................Present Continuous
play soccer
am playing soccer
You play
You are playing
He/She plays
He/She is playing
We play
We are playing
You play
You are playing
They play
They are playing


Present Simple


Present Continuous

Action in progress now:
I live in Madrid
I am currently living in Madrid
It rains a lot here.
It is raining a lot here.

Will happen in near future
I usually get up at 8:00.
He is getting up at 8:00 tomorrow.
He always eats sandwiches.
He is eating a sandwich tonight.


Exercise 1
Exercise 2
Exercise 3
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People in My Life and School Days Vocabulary

Concentration Game

(N) someone you have met, but don't know well
(V) if you attend an institution such as a school, college, or church, you go there regularly
close friends
(N) friends who are close to each other like each other very much and know each other very well
(N) someone that works at the same job, department, or company as you
(N) a person you work with, especially in a professional job
(V) when you go out with a person regularly because you are having a romantic relationship with them
get a bad grade
(V) to receive a low mark on an exam or assignment due to poor performance or skill
have practice
(V) to gather with your teammates to train and play games in order to prepare for competition
just friends
(PHRASE) a phrase usually relating to two people that are very close but do not share romantic feelings for one another
pass an exam
(V) to meet the minimum requirements or answer a certain amount of questions correctly for a test
take a class
(V) be enrolled in a course at a school or institute
take a lesson
(V) have instruction on how to do something
(N) someone who gives private lessons to one student or a very small group of students
(V) to help someone study
work together
(V) when you have to do something with another person

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